A hot water system is a significant investment, and its longevity is often a topic of concern for homeowners. Most systems can provide reliable hot water for many years with proper hot water maintenance. However, several factors impact lifespan. In this article, we’ll explore those factors and discuss realistic timeframes for today’s most common hot water systems – gas, electric, and solar.
The typical lifespan of a traditional gas hot water heater or electric hot water system is 8-15 years. However, tankless and solar hot water systems generally last up to 20 years or more. A high-quality system may even outlast these averages with attentive care and maintenance. But regardless of the system, expect to replace it at some point during your time in the home.
Knowing the estimated lifespan of different hot water systems can help you make the best choice for your needs and budget. We’ll look at how aspects like water quality, usage levels, and proper maintenance impact the longevity of your hot water systems. We’ll also review when to replace an aging hot water heater and tips for getting the most value from your system.
Let’s explore the key factors determining how long your hot water system should last!
Lifespan Of Various Hot Water Systems
Electric And Gas Storage Tank Systems
The most common residential hot water systems are electric hot water systems and gas storage tank systems. With proper maintenance, like annual flushing, these hot water heaters can last 8-15 years on average.
Hard water, sediment build-up, and high water pressure shorten lifespan. Replacing eroded anode rods extends the tank’s life. A gas hot water system lasts fewer years than an electric hot water system due to more intense heat exposure.
Solar Hot Water Systems
A solar hot water system uses free heat from the sun and has an average lifespan of 20+ years. With minimal mechanical parts and no burner or heating element, there is less wear and tear. However, the solar panels and heat exchangers still require maintenance. Proper installation in a sunny location also maximises solar gain and longevity. The initial cost is high, but the lack of monthly utility bills provides long-term savings.
Heat Pump Hot Water Systems
Heat pump water heaters extract ambient heat, making them energy efficient. Their lifespan averages 15-20 years. Annual maintenance like cleaning coils and draining the tank prevents build-up and corrosion, ensuring maximum lifespan. Heat pump hot water units come in both tank and tankless versions. Tankless models last longer by eliminating tank corrosion risks.
Tankless/Continuous Flow Systems
Tankless or continuous-flow water heaters heat water on demand instead of storing it. This eliminates tank corrosion and sediment accumulation, extending the lifespan to 15-20 years. However, frequent heating cycles still wear out components over time. Proper scale prevention and venting are key for longevity. Condensing tankless models have the longest lifespans, up to 20-25 years.
What Influences Hot Water System Lifespan?
Several different factors can impact a hot water system’s lifespan. Water quality is an essential factor. Hard water, or water with a high mineral content, can lead to heating elements' corrosion and sludge accumulating in the system, reducing the system’s lifespan.
The type of system also plays a role. Gas and electric systems, for instance, have different maintenance needs and lifespans. Electric systems mostly suffer from broken heating elements, while gas systems might have issues with the gas burner.
The storage tank’s condition is another critical factor. Enamel-lined tanks, for instance, can last longer as the enamel coating protects the tank from corrosion. Nonetheless, tank corrosion can still occur, especially at the bottom of the tank, where sediment accumulates.
The system’s usage also impacts its lifespan. Heavier use puts more strain on the system, which can reduce its life expectancy. For instance, your system might wear out sooner if your hot water runs frequently.
Ensuring Longevity Through Maintenance and Repair
Regular maintenance is crucial in extending your hot water system’s lifespan. This usually involves inspection by a licensed plumber and timely necessary repairs. Regular maintenance flushes can help remove any sludge accumulated over time, preventing tank corrosion and extending the system’s life expectancy.
In addition, replacing parts like the anode rod every few years is a preventive measure that can help avoid bigger plumbing problems down the line. If you notice discoloured water or a decrease in the amount of hot water your system produces, there might be a problem with the heating elements or the gas burner, depending on the type of system.
Maintenance Tips For Gas Hot Water Systems
For gas hot water systems:
- Inspect gas lines annually for leaks and fix any issues immediately. Use a soap solution to check for bubbles.
- Check that the gas burner flames are clean and even. Have a technician adjust or replace if needed.
- Flush the tank annually to remove sludge and sediment from the bottom. This can prevent corrosion.
- Lubricate circulating pumps and motors annually if present.
- Clear any debris or obstructions from gas ventilation to maintain proper airflow.
Maintenance Tips For Electric Hot Water Systems
For electric hot water systems:
- Inspect electrical wiring and connections annually for corrosion and damage. Tighten any loose connections.
- Verify heating elements remain fully submerged when the water level drops from heating. Adjust the thermostat if needed.
- Drain several gallons from the tank drain valve yearly to flush sediment from the bottom of the tank.
- Check heating elements for mineral deposits and limescale. Remove any build-up present.
- Replace any heating elements that are cracked, scorched, or otherwise damaged.
Maintenance Tips For Solar Hot Water Systems
For solar hot water systems:
- Inspect solar collectors annually for broken glass, frame damage, etc. Repair any issues.
- Check glycol/water heating solution level in collectors. Top up if low.
- Examine piping insulation for degradation. Repair damaged sections.
- Confirm antifreeze levels in a solar storage tank. Add more if required.
- Flush the hot water storage tank annually to remove sediment, as with other systems.
When To Consider A New Hot Water System
Even with proper care, every system has an average lifespan, after which its performance may decline. If you find yourself calling for hot water services frequently or your system is nearing the end of its lifespan, it might be time to consider a new hot water system.
When considering a new system, consult local hot water experts. They can advise which system is right for you based on different factors, like how much hot water you use, the quality of your cold water supply, and your budget.
New hot water systems often come with a hot water system warranty, which can provide peace of mind for a few more years. Different materials and technologies offer different benefits. For instance, solar hot water systems can provide long-term energy savings, while gas and electric systems might be more cost-effective upfront.
Getting The Most From Your Hot Water System
Your hot water system represents a major investment for your home’s comfort and convenience. You can maximise its years of reliable service with attentive care and maintenance. Be sure to flush sediment, monitor anode rods, and address leaks promptly. Consider a maintenance agreement if DIY care is difficult. Choosing quality components and installing them according to manufacturer guidelines prevent premature failures.
If your current hot water system is aging or experiencing issues, contact our team today at Woolf Plumbing. We can troubleshoot problems, identify solutions to optimise longevity and determine when replacement is wise. With periodic replacements and attentive maintenance, your hot water system can continue providing abundant heated water to your household for years. Don’t endure the frustration of unpredictable hot water - call our Perth hot water specialists today!
FAQs Hot Water Systems
How often should you replace your hot water system?
The typical lifespan for most residential hot water systems is 8-15 years. To ensure reliable hot water service, plan to replace the entire system every 10-15 years or sooner if you experience any issues like leaks or loss of hot water.
Should I replace my 15-year-old water heater?
Replacement is typically recommended if your water heater is around 15 years old. Once systems reach 10-15 years old, failure risks rise, and parts like the tank often show significant corrosion. Replacing an aging 15-year-old unit before major issues arise is usually the best approach.
How long does a 50-litre hot water system last?
A 50-litre hot water system will typically last 8-12 years on average. Smaller tanks, like 50 litres, tend to have faster wear and corrosion due to increased heating cycles for less water. You may get up to 15 years with proper maintenance, like annual flushing, but expect to replace after 10-12 years.
How do you know when a hot water heater needs to be replaced?
Signs your hot water heater needs replacing include leaking tanks, rusty/discoloured water, loud noises, lack of hot water, excessive sediment build-up, and failure of components like valves and heating elements. When any of these issues arise, replacement is usually the best option.